Valmiki Tiger Reserve (VTR) is one of the major wildlife sanctuaries in India. It is located in west Champaran district of Bihar in India. The large forest area of Valmiki Nagar was owned by Ramanagar Raj & Bettiah Raj in early 1950’s. The forest covers the area of 900 square kilometers.
Mammals like tiger, Rhinoceros, black bear, leopard, wild dog, boar, wild buffalo, barking deer, hog deer, spotted deer, blue bull, hyena, and flying squirrel can be found in VTR.
Reptiles which can be commonly seen in VTR are python, cobra, krait, sand boa, crocodiles, monitor and wild lizard etc.
Approx around 241 species of birds are found in VTR, for example purple wood pigeon, grey shrike, fly catcher, green willow warbler, emerald dove etc.
There are 7 kinds of forests which can be found in VTR–
Bhabar – Dun Sal Forest
Dry Siwalik Sal Forest
West Gangetic Moist mixed Deciduous Forest
Khair – Sissoo Forest
Eastern wet Alluvial Grassland
Barringtonia Swamp Forest
Current Affair in VTR
According to the reports, tiger population has doubled in Valmiki Tiger Reserve. As of now, a few months ago, three cubs were born to a tigress.
Santosh Tiwari The field director of Valmiki Tiger Reserve in West Champaran district has said that “they have counted 22 tigers in the reserve at present on the basis of camera trap census. Mr. Tiwari included that the number of tiger was only 10 till 2010. In last three years, the population of tigers has jumped like never before in the 899 sq km reserve. Mr. Tiwari said the improvement in the condition of grasslands, spread over 450 hectares, and is an ideal habitat for the big cats for the last few years. This tiger reserve is situated nearly 200 km away from Patna”.
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